ED: Well there was a very bad persecution when I was there, when I was about ten, eleven years old, in the early 40’s, when we had a terrible uprising. That was awful. It started one afternoon and my cousin came, they usually came at any time, and he said, shouting, “Batten [down] your windows and your doors, there is terrible things brewing and I’d better go home.” And that night, we started hearing shots and it got more and more, and, in the night, it was more than shots, maybe like hand grenades or whatever it was, it was big explosions. And, you know, in Baghdad, we sleep on the roof, so we could hear all that and we could see flares and you could hear screams and screams. That was not far from us but it wasn’t exactly in our road, so they were really going into houses, killing and looting and shooting, and stones, knives, whatever it is they had. And you could hear shouting and screaming, and we were absolutely frozen to death, you know, just, what do we do, we were going to be next? And, after the screams, you hear a, this is horrendous, I don’t know what they suffered in the Nazi Germany, you hear the voice kind of fades away and that is someone obviously killed.
So there were a lot of them. I don’t know, as I say, I mean I was too young to, but it was terrible. One of my cousins was killed. They got some babies. I hadn’t seen that, but my dad went out the next morning and he said, “The gutters are full of blood”, you know, it was terrible. “Why did you go there?”, oh dad was one of these people, he just wanted to know what’s going on, but, “Shhh, stay there and be quiet”, and the stories that went, they see a baby, you know, and I don’t if it’s tradition here, they have little, kind of, bangles round their ankles, a little gold one. If they couldn’t take it off, they ripped the child and they took it off, it’s horrendous, I don’t want to hear that, that’s really awful. And a lot of that happened and young, you know, young girls, just married and they killed their husband and their relatives, right in front of them.
There was a time the Arabs were not like that. If you stood there and said, “Please, I’m at your mercy”, they understood that and they let it go, but there was no mercy left. They were all there to loot and haul things and jangle, and felt so wonderful at killing so many Jews and that was the uprising. That was an uprising.
I think it must have been in the early forties, I don’t really remember. Maybe, I think the war was on at that time. I don’t remember because I wasn’t really, I was just a child at that time, ‘41, when the war was on. They were very, I mean, the government was very pro-Nazi so, the looting, they came in riding on horses, supposed to be, kind of, looking after you and protecting you, but they went with the looters and they joined in, you know. So it was, it wasn’t just a mob, it was the government and who do you call? There was no-one to protect you. They used to say, you know, the looters were themselves, you know. They allowed it, they gave them a free hand to do what they liked and they did what they liked, what they wanted, in a very atrocious way. That was awful.